NOTES TO EDITORS
This study was funded by funded by the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR), the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland, the Association of Upper Gastrointestinal Surgeons, Bowel Disease Research Foundation, Yorkshire Cancer Research, Sarcoma UK, the British Association of Surgical Oncology, the Vascular Society for Great Britain and Ireland, and the European Society of Coloproctology. A full list of the researchers involved in the study and their institutes can be found in the Article.
 Quote direct from author and cannot be found in the text of the Article.
 Common operations for benign disease included appendicectomy, gallbladder surgery, and joint replacements.